PhD defense of Gizem SOYLU

Subwavelength microscopy technics at terahertz frequencies
Friday,  July 24, 2020 at 11am

Abstract :
     Imaging in the Terahertz frequency range at subwavelength resolution has gained a great interest for certain studies which cannot be carried out with other parts of the electromagnetic spectrum. However, classical optical schemes cannot be employed to obtain micrometre-range resolution for THz microscopy as diffraction limits the resolution to about 100 µm. In this thesis, we present two different original subwavelength THz microscopy techniques. In the first technique, the THz beam is screened by a thin metallic sheet in which a subwavelength hole has been made. The sample is placed against the sheet and moved over the hole to perform a raster image. The expected resolution is then equal to the hole size. The second technique presented in this thesis is based on generated a THz signal directly from the sample. When a laser beam is focused in the sample, the illuminated region, if non-centrosymmetric, can generate THz signals through optical rectification. The raster image is obtained by recording this THz signal while the laser beam is moved over the sample. The expected resolution is then close to the laser spot size.
       Both technique might involve weak THz signals. That is why we investigated on the possibility to measure them with a very sensitive detector, usually used for astronomy, named kinetic inductance detector (KID). This manuscript presents its principle as well as the study that was carried on. On a “classical” time domain spectroscopy setup, signal as low as 2 fW were thus recorded, demonstrating the interest of such detectors.
       Thanks to the ORTI (Optical Rectification Terahertz Imaging) technique, an image with a 10 µm spatial resolution (λ/214 for 0.14 THz) was obtained while scanning the ferroelectric domains of a crystal of ppKTP. We show that the resolution of the image depends only on the laser spot size and not on the generated THz frequency. In addition, we showed that ORTI image can be used to scan a poly-crystalline sample as well as a crystal with different thickness areas.

Jury members :
  • Jean-Louis COUTAZ  : Co-Supervisor
  • Alessandro MONFARDINI  : Co-Supervisor
  • Sukhdeep DHILLON : Reviewer
  • Guilhem GALLOT : Reviewer
  •  Pascale ROY : Examiner


Thesis prepared at the laboratory : UMR 5130 - Institut de Microélectronique, Electromagnétisme et Photonique - Laboratoire d'hyperfréquences et de caractérisation, supervised by  Jean-Louis COUTAZ & Alessandro MONFARDINI, co-supervisor and Emilie HERAULT.

Date infos
Defense of doctoral thesis of Gizem SOYLU, for the University Grenoble Alpes, speciality  " OPTICS & RADIOFREQUENCIES ", entitled:
Location infos
Due to the Covid-19 health crisis, this defense will held through   VISIO - CONFERENCE